A study conducted by researchers at the National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC) highlights the need for early intervention in controlling risk factors for atherosclerosis among young people. The study, published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, shows that arteries in younger individuals are more susceptible to damage from factors such as high cholesterol and blood pressure.
The authors of the study emphasize that aggressive control of these risk factors should begin at an earlier age to prevent cardiovascular disease. They suggest that a change in primary prevention strategies is necessary, with lifestyle modifications such as diet changes, reducing alcohol consumption, and lowering salt intake being effective ways to control cholesterol levels and blood pressure.
The research also indicates that atherosclerosis can be reversed if aggressive interventions are implemented early on. If lifestyle modifications do not work, pharmacological treatments may be necessary to manage these risk factors effectively.
To alleviate the global burden of cardiovascular disease, the researchers urge early screening for subclinical atherosclerosis and aggressive management of risk factors in young adults. They recommend screening for cholesterol or atheroma plaques in the carotid or femoral arteries to identify those at risk and begin aggressive risk factor management.
It is estimated that 30% of people between 40 and 45 years old have some form of atherosclerosis in their arterial segments. This highlights the importance of early intervention and control of risk factors as a preventive measure for young people who are more susceptible to the harmful effects of atherosclerosis due to their less exposed state compared to older individuals.
In summary, this study underscores the need for doctors and healthcare professionals to take proactive steps towards preventing cardiovascular disease by aggressively controlling risk factors among young people who are more vulnerable due to their less exposed state compared to older individuals. Early screening and management can help alleviate this global burden while promoting healthy living habits that can last a lifetime.