A new report released Monday has revealed that almost half of the world’s migratory species are decreasing in population. The study, led by Kelly Malsch of the United Nations, highlights the importance of stopover sites for these animals and how their survival is crucial to the planet’s biodiversity.
Migration is a vital element of the survival of many species, but endangering this process could lead to their extinction. The report relied on data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List, which identified birds, sea turtles, whales, sharks and other migratory animals as at risk due to reasons such as habitat loss, illegal hunting and fishing, pollution and climate change.
At a U.N. meeting in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, participants will review proposals for conservation measures and consider adding new species to the lists of concern. While one country alone cannot save any of these species, collective efforts are essential to ensure their survival.
The Amazon River basin is home to two declining species of Amazon catfish that South American governments plan to propose adding to the list of migratory species of concern. Protecting this largest freshwater system in the world is vital for their survival and that of many other migratory species that rely on it for rest and food during their journeys.
In 2022, governments pledged to protect 30% of the planet’s land and water resources for conservation at the U.N. Biodiversity Conference in Montreal, Canada. This commitment is a step towards ensuring that future generations can enjoy a diverse and healthy planet filled with thriving migratory species.