Mon. Mar 27th, 2023

This photo supplied by researcher Katsuhiko Hayashi shows mice derived from stem cells, 4 weeks just after their birth, in Osaka, Japan in September 2021. In a study published Wednesday, March 16, 2023, in the journal Nature, scientists led by Hayashi have made child mice with two fathers for the 1st time by turning male mouse stem cells into female cells in a lab. (Katsuhiko Hayashi by way of AP)

For the 1st time, scientists have made child mice from two males.

This raises the distant possibility of working with the identical approach for individuals – even though authorities caution that extremely handful of mouse embryos created into reside mouse pups and no a single knows regardless of whether it would perform for humans.

Nevertheless, “It’s a extremely clever method,” stated Diana Laird, a stem cell and reproductive professional at the University of California, San Francisco, who was not involved in the investigation. “It’s an critical step in each stem cell and reproductive biology.”

Scientists described their perform in a study published Wednesday in the journal Nature.

1st, they took skin cells from the tails of male mice and transformed them into “induced pluripotent stem cells,” which can create into quite a few distinct forms of cells or tissues. Then, by means of a approach that involved developing them and treating them with a drug, they converted male mouse stem cells into female cells and made functional egg cells. Lastly, they fertilized these eggs and implanted the embryos into female mice. About 1% of the embryos – 7 out of 630 – grew into reside mouse pups.

Sign up for our absolutely free Each day Headlines newsletter

The pups appeared to develop generally and had been capable to grow to be parents themselves in the usual way, investigation leader Katsuhiko Hayashi of Kyushu University and Osaka University in Japan told fellow scientists at the Third International Summit on Human Genome Editing final week.

In a commentary published alongside the Nature study, Laird and her colleague, Jonathan Bayerl, stated the perform “opens up new avenues in reproductive biology and fertility research” for animals and individuals. Down the road, for instance, it could possibly be achievable to reproduce endangered mammals from a single male.

“And it could possibly even present a template for enabling extra individuals,” such as male identical-sex couples, “to have biological young children, whilst circumventing the ethical and legal troubles of donor eggs,” they wrote.

But they raised many cautions. The most notable a single? The approach is particularly inefficient. They stated it is unclear why only a tiny fraction of the embryos placed into surrogate mice survived the causes could be technical or biological. They also stressed that it is nevertheless as well early to know if the protocol would perform in human stem cells at all.

Laird also stated scientists want to be mindful of the mutations and errors that may perhaps be introduced in a culture dish ahead of working with stem cells to make eggs.

The investigation is the most up-to-date to test new methods to produce mouse embryos in the lab. Final summer time, scientists in California and Israel made “synthetic” mouse embryos from stem cells without the need of a dad’s sperm or a mom’s egg or womb. These embryos mirrored all-natural mouse embryos up to eight ½ days just after fertilization, containing the identical structures, such as a single like a beating heart. Scientists stated the feat could sooner or later lay the foundation for making synthetic human embryos for investigation in the future.


The Connected Press Overall health and Science Division receives assistance from the Howard Hughes Healthcare Institute’s Science and Educational Media Group. The AP is solely accountable for all content material.

By Editor

Leave a Reply