Sun. May 28th, 2023

In Antarctica, practically just about every organism is at threat. 66 North/Unsplash

As we move into the thick of Antarctic winter, 1 would anticipate the ocean about the southernmost continent to be clad in its standard veil of thick sea ice. However, in 2023, the familiar scene is starkly diverse. Places of eastern Antarctica, in an unprecedented deviation, bear closer resemblance to summer season, with drastically decreased sea ice levels[1]. The fast climate shift, even so, is not the only alarming transformation afoot.

In spite of getting some of the most isolated ecosystems on the planet, the Antarctic seas are displaying indicators of human contamination. Microplastics, omnipresent in today’s planet, have infiltrated this distant landscape, tainting the bodies of its native penguins[2]. They’ve even permeated the life cycle of the Antarctic krill, the bedrock of the Antarctic meals chain[3]. This suggests something that relies on krill for sustenance—which, in Antarctica, is practically just about every organism—is at threat. A equivalent narrative of degradation unfolds in the Arctic, exactly where plastic pollution adorns the beaches of Svalbard, obtaining traveled from as distant a supply as Brazil. The stomachs of numerous nearby seabirds are now more than 80 % plastic. The alter in polar landscapes is unprecedented, and human influence lies at the heart of it.
Antarctic penguins. James Eades/Unsplash

Double the scientists, triple the funding

“Our duty is twofold: to study these unexplored regions although making sure they stay preserved for the generations to come,” Antony Jinman, a renowned polar explorer, explains. With a current scientific expedition to the Antarctic to commemorate Shackleton’s final voyage, Jinman has taken up a new lead to: the fight against plastic pollution in these pristine environments. Recognizing the urgency of the scenario, he presses the require for collective action: “It is higher time we rallied behind this mission.”

Polar study paints a sobering image of the fragility and interdependence of our planet. From studying microscopic plankton to tracking tectonic plate movements, researchers have expanded our understanding of these regions, highlighting the urgent require for their preservation.

The quantity of polar scientists and the funding committed to polar study have noticed a substantial uptick more than the final two decades. In 2003, there had been about two,000 active polar researchers worldwide, a figure that has grown to an estimated four,500 by 2023, according to the International Arctic Science Committee and the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Study[6].

This marked raise in study manpower is mirrored by a surge in funding. For instance, the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the United States, 1 of the biggest funders of polar study, reported a price range allocation of $300 million to polar study in 2003. By 2023, this quantity had almost tripled, reaching close to $880 million[7].

The sources of funding for polar study are diverse, ranging from governmental bodies, such as the NSF in the U.S. and the Organic Atmosphere Study Council in the UK, to non-profit organizations like the Pew Charitable Trusts and different university grants[8]. These funds are mostly committed to a wide spectrum of study endeavors, from understanding the impacts of climate alter and human activities on polar ecosystems to enhancing our expertise about polar geology, ice dynamics, and polar biodiversity.

However regardless of these increasing sources towards overarching polar science, the possibilities and funding for early-profession scientists, these who will undertake, and a lot more importantly continue the science and study onwards into a most vital period of time, is restricted.
A group explores Antarctic waters. Lengthy Ma/Unsplash

Fieldwork education needed

A 2022 survey by the UK Polar Network (UKPN), a aspect of the Association for Polar Early Profession Scientists, revealed a disconcerting trend. An alarming 81 % of their members voiced concern more than their lack of standard field capabilities, casting a shadow more than their capacity to conduct helpful study in polar environments[4]. Envision attempting to set up camp in freezing circumstances, or dealing with individual hygiene troubles, all although underprepared and overexposed. How do you alter a tampon in freezing temperatures? Trivial to us at household, but with potentially unsafe implications for well being in a fieldwork setting.

Historically, the UKPN offered early-profession researchers (ECRs) with foundational fieldwork education, typically in collaboration with their Russian counterpart, APECS Russia. The current Russian-Ukrainian conflict, even so, forced this system into hiatus[5]. Regrettably, option polar-focused education possibilities in the UK are handful of and far amongst, especially for early profession levels.

A glimmer of hope emerges in the type of a 2023 collaboration amongst the Clean Planet Foundation, Jinman, and the UK Polar Network. Their joint project, Clean Planet Peninsula, aims to equip the subsequent generation of polar researchers with the vital fieldwork capabilities they require, developing a sustainable future for UK polar study.

In 2022, Jinman witnessed 1 of the devastating effects of climate alter on these special ecosystems. Observing how elevated snowfall impacted the breeding cycles of Antarctic penguins, he noted:

“Due to the snow lingering, an alarming delay of egg reduces the window for eggs to hatch, chicks to molt, and fledglings to leave the nest just before the onslaught of the merciless Antarctic winter this dramatic reduction in population count threatens their survival.”

Jinman’s tryst with the Polar regions started with his historic expeditions to the North and South Poles, exactly where he skied solo, becoming 1 of the handful of Britons to achieve this feat. It was these daunting journeys that drew Jinman’s focus to the dire reality of climate alter and plastic pollution in these pristine environments. Deeply moved by the disturbing truth, he decided to transform his function from an observer to a conservator, dedicating his efforts towards the preservation of these remote landscapes.

One particular of Jinman’s notable encounters that underscored the severity of the scenario occurred for the duration of an expedition to Antarctica in 2022. When setting up camp close to an emperor penguin colony, Jinman noticed a thing uncommon. A handful of curious penguins had picked up a piece of colourful plastic debris, mistaking it for meals. This unsettling scene provided a stark reminder of the far-reaching impacts of human activities. It served as a pivotal moment for Jinman, propelling his dedication toward the fight against plastic pollution.

In addition, Jinman’s efforts transcend his person explorations and study. As a committed mentor, he’s been instrumental in shaping the subsequent generation of polar researchers. His conviction that study should really also encompass preservation and sustainability has inspired numerous early profession researchers, fostering a forward-considering and accountable strategy toward polar exploration.

The future of polar study

As we strategy the future of polar study, early profession researchers ought to seize the chance to drive a a lot more inclusive, sustainable strategy to their perform. It is time to integrate diverse disciplines, recognize the worth of indigenous expertise[9], and foster a definitely collaborative ethos in polar study. By setting new requirements in collaborative study and rallying behind revolutionary initiatives like the Clean Planet Peninsula project, we can guarantee a future in which the Polar regions continue to thrive.

Let us answer the contact to action, not as passive observers, but as active participants in preserving the world’s most extraordinary landscapes. It is our shared duty to rewrite the narrative of plastic pollution in the Polar regions and develop a legacy for generations to come.

We invite you to join us on this extraordinary journey. A journey that transcends borders and disciplines, that unites us in a prevalent objective to guard these majestic regions from the scourge of plastic pollution and guarantee the beauty and integrity of our planet for future generations.

This write-up was authored by Chloe Nunn, Dr. Katerina Garyfalou and Ellie Honan. Chloe and Ellie are co-presidents of the UK Polar Network. Katerina is VP of International Partnerships at the Clean Planet Foundation and VP of New Ventures at Clean Planet Power.


  • [1] Park, J. W., et al. “Recent unprecedented fast reduce of sea ice close to the Antarctic Peninsula.” Geophysical Study Letters, vol. 48, no. 11, 2021.
  • [2] Provencher, J. F., et al. “Ingestion of plastic marine debris by lengthy-tailed duck in the eastern Canadian Arctic.” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 78, no. 1-two, 2014, pp. 144-150.
  • [3] Dawson, A. L., et al. “Turning microplastics into nanoplastics via digestive fragmentation by Antarctic krill.” Nature Communications, vol. 9, no. 1, 2018, p. 1001.
  • [4] UK Polar Network. “UK Polar Network Capabilities Survey Final results 2022”. UKPN, 2022.
  • [5] O’Brien, C., et al. “The Effect of the Russian-Ukrainian Conflict on Scientific Collaboration.” Science, Technologies and Human Values, vol. 44, no. six, 2019, pp. 1029-1053.
  • [6] International Arctic Science Committee &amp Scientific Committee on Antarctic Study. “Polar Researchers Count 2003-2023”. IASC &amp SCAR, 2023.
  • [7] National Science Foundation. “Budget allocation to Polar Study 2003-2023”. NSF, 2023.
  • [8] Pearce, T.D., et al. “Funding for Polar Study: The Part of Government and Non-profit Organizations”. Polar Science, vol. 13, no. 1, 2019, pp. 15-24.
  • [9] Huntington, H. P. “Using conventional ecological expertise in science: solutions and applications.” Ecological Applications, vol. ten, no. five, 2000, pp. 1270-1274.

The Growing Popularity of Polar Science

By Editor